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The Last Supper Passover Communion and Judas
Judah (Judas) Betrays Jesus
The feast of unleavened bread which is called the Passover was to come in two days. Caiaphas, one of the chief high priests, assembled in the courtyard with the other high priests and the scribes and the elders of the people and took counsel concerning Jesus, so as to arrest him by treachery and kill him. They were afraid of the people, and decided not to do it during the feast, lest it cause a riot among the people.
Then Satan had taken control of Judah of Iscariot [Judas] who was one of the twelve disciples. Judah [Judas] went and talked with the high priests and asked what they were willing to give him to deliver Jesus to them. They were delighted, and offered Judah thirty pieces of silver.422
Judah agreed with them, and sought an opportunity to deliver Jesus to them in the absence of the people.423
This money came from the temple treasury which was used to buy the sacrifices used in the temple worship. These sacrifices included the blood sacrifices for the remission of the sins of the people. Therefore these sacrifices are prophetic of the sacrifice of Jesus.
422. Zechariah 11:12.
423. Matthew 26:3-5, 14-16; Mark 14:1-2, 10-11; Luke 22:1-6.
Preparation for the Last Supper
On the first day of unleavened bread, it was the custom to kill the Passover Lamb. Jesus’ disciples came to Him and asked, “Where do you wish that we go and prepare the Passover meal for you to eat?”
Jesus sent two of His disciples, Kepa [Peter] and John, telling them, “Go and prepare the Passover for us to eat. Go into the city, and behold you will be approached by a man carrying a water skin [a vessel of water].424 Follow him, and wherever he enters, say to the owner of the house, our master says, ‘My time is come and I will observe the Passover at your house. Our Lord asked where is the guest chamber where I am to eat the Passover with my disciples.’
“Behold, he will show you an upper room, large and furnished; there make ready for us.”
His disciples went out and found it just as he had told them; and they prepared the Passover.425
424. Women usually carried the water, so this man was very unusual.
425. Matthew 26:17-19; Mark 14:12-16; Luke 22:7-13.
This is the Last Supper until It Is Fulfilled in Heaven
Jesus was referring here to the wedding feast of Chapter 162, when Jesus returns for His followers at the End Time.
426. It was the custom in the ancient world to recline on couches while eating
rather than sit. See John 13:23-25; Luke 7:38. The people lay on their left
side, supporting themselves with their left hand or arm, and ate with their
right hands without silverware. They washed their hands after eating.
These couches were also used as beds. To recline while eating was a sign of
427. Matthew 26:20; Mark 14:17; Luke 22:14-16.
In Heaven, It Is the Servants Who Will Be Greatest
During the Passover feast, the disciples began to discuss who would be greatest among them.
Jesus told them “The kings of the nations are also the lords, and those who have the authority are the benefactors. But this is not so with you; whoever is great among you should be like the least. He who is the leader should be like a servant.
“Who is greater, he who lays down, or the one who serves? I came among you as one who serves. You are the ones who remained with me through my trials. I promise you, just as my Father promised me, a kingdom. You may eat and drink at the table in my kingdom; and you will sit upon the thrones and judge the twelve tribes of Israel.”428
This is the way that ministries should be: the leaders should be like Jesus and serve their congregations.
America was the first nation in history that was set up the way Jesus described here. For most of the first two hundred years, the leaders of the country, the government, served the people. In recent years, however, the leaders have taken complete control over the people and passed many laws that take away our freedom and have set themselves up as the beneficiaries.
428. Luke 22:24-30.
Jesus Teaches Us to Serve One Another
Going back before the feast of the Passover, Jesus knew that the time had come for Him to depart from this world to be with His Father. He loved those in this world who belonged to Him, and His love was indeed forever.
Two days earlier, Satan had put in the heart of Judah [Judas], son of Simon Iscariot, to betray Jesus, and again during the supper, to deliver Him.
But Jesus, because He knew that the Father had placed everything into His hands, and that He had come from God and was returning to God, rose from supper and laid aside His robe and picked up a cloth that He wrapped around His loins. Then He poured water into a washing basin and began to wash the feet of His disciples and wiped them with the cloth He had tied around His loins.
When He came to Simon Peter [meaning “the Rock”], Simon asked Him, “My Lord, are you going to wash my feet?”
Jesus replied, “The thing that I am doing now, you do not know yet, but you will understand later.”
Simon Peter then said to Him, “You will never wash my feet.”
Jesus replied, “If I do not wash you, you will have no part of me.”
Simon Peter said, “In that case, my Lord, wash not only my feet, but my hands and head also.”
Jesus told Him, “He who has bathed need only have their feet washed, for he is already clean – except not every one of you.”429 For Jesus knew who was going to betray Him. For this reason He said that not everyone was clean.
When He had washed their feet, He put on His robe and resumed His place at the table and asked, “Do you know what I did for you? You call me Master and Lord and what you say is well, for I am. If I then, your Lord and Master have washed your feet, how much more should you wash each other’s feet? What I have given you is an example I set for you, that you should love to wash each other’s feet. Truly, truly I am telling you that there is no servant who is greater than his master, and no apostle who is greater than he who sent him. If you understand these things, you are blessed if you also do them. I do not say this concerning all of you; for I know those whom I have chosen; but the scripture must be fulfilled. He who eats bread with me has raised his heel against me. I am telling you now, before it happens, so that you will know that I am He.430 I tell you truthfully that whoever receives whom I send receives me. He who receives me receives He who sent me.”431
If I could wash the feet of Jesus, I would have to wash away the dirt of everyone who has ever lived, lives today, and forever. This may not cause others to forgive my sins, but may help me to forgive my own sins.
429. In those days, even though one had just bathed, the streets were dusty. So
the inns provided washing basins so guests could wash their feet.
430. The Messiah.
431. John 13:1-20.
While they were reclining and eating, Jesus felt a profound tenderness and announced, “I am telling you truly that one of you who are eating with me will betray me.”
The disciples looked at each other and began to feel very sad and troubled because they did not know who He was talking about, and said, “Is it I?”
One of His disciples whom Jesus loved [John] leaned on Jesus’ bosom. And Simon the Rock [Peter] beckoned him to inquire who Jesus was talking about. So this disciple [John] asked, “My Lord, who is he?”
Jesus then replied and said, “He is one whom I immerse this bread [sop, fragment of bread], and give it to him.”432 And Jesus dipped the bread and gave it to Judah [Judas], the son of Simon of Iscariot. After the bread was given to him, Satan took possession of Judah.
Jesus told him, “The thing that you do, do it quickly.” Not one of those who were sitting at the table with him knew or understood what Jesus was talking about. Some of them thought that because Judah carried the purse, that Jesus instructed him buy necessary things for the feast, or to give something to the poor. Judah took the bread and went outside immediately; and it was nighttime when he left.433
Jesus said, “Now the Son of man will be glorified, and God will be glorified through him. If God is glorified through him, God will also glorify him.
“My children [or my sons], I am only with you for a little while more, and you will seek me. Just as I told the Jews, “Where I go, you cannot come; I also say this to you.
I give to you a new commandment, that you love one another; just as I have loved you – that you also love one another. By this everyone will know that you are my disciples; if there is love in you for one another.”434
432. It was the custom that only the honored guest was given the sop or fragment
of bread to dip. This could be a dainty morsel or a thin piece of bread dipped
into the food dish and saturated with juice. It may have been a piece of the
Passover lamb, given with a piece of unleavened bread and bitter herbs. The
important thing is that Jesus loved and fed His betrayer as if Judas was His
honored guest. The more Jesus loves His enemies, the more He blesses and honors
them. See Luke 6:27, 35; Romans 12:17-20.
433. Matthew 26:21-25; Mark 14:14-21; Luke 22:21-23; John 13:21-30
434. John 13:31-35.
While they were eating, Jesus took the bread and blessed it and consecrated it by giving thanks. He broke it and gave it to His disciples and declared, “Take it and eat. This is my body that I give in your behalf.”
Likewise, after they had eaten supper He took the cup and gave thanks and blessed it and gave it to them saying, “Take it, drink of it all of you; this is the cup of the New Testament which is my New Covenant with you. This is my blood which is shed for you for the remission of sins for the sake of many. I tell you truly that henceforth I will not drink again of the fruit of the vine until I drink it anew with you when the kingdom of heaven comes.”435
There are three pieces of bread on the Passover table for the orthodox Jews. The Jews think of these three pieces in remembrance of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Jesus took the middle piece (as in Father, Son and Holy Spirit) and broke it the same as the Jewish rabbi today unfolds the three pieces and breaks the middle piece. It was this middle piece that Jesus broke and passed out among the disciples.
There are four cups at an orthodox Jew’s Passover table representing Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the Messiah (Jesus). The Jews still turn over the first three cups today, leaving the fourth cup for the coming Messiah. Jesus took the fourth cup, and for the first time in Jewish history, filled it with wine and used it. The New Covenant between God and man is that Jesus’ blood cleanses us of sin.
We do not have to go to church to have remembrance of Jesus and His body that was broken for us and His blood that was shed for us. We can do this on as much as a daily basis for the forgiveness of our sins. Simply buy a bottle of blood-red wine and a box of crackers and have communion whenever you wish. You can simply say something like this: “Jesus is the bread of life that came down from heaven and was broken for me so that by His stripes I am healed and I will have eternal life if I believe in Jesus.” When you eat the body of Jesus, the Bread of Life, it goes into your body to give you life and to heal you and make you whole. When you take the wine, think of taking the blood of Jesus into your body; it floods your body so that your sins are forgiven because Jesus shed His blood to pay for your sins.
John1:1 says that Jesus is the Word that came down from heaven. In John 6:33 and 51 Jesus said, I am the bread that came down from heaven; if anyone eats of this bread, he or she will live forever. The bread that I will give is my body, which I am giving for the sake of the world.” To eat the bread means to eat the Word. There is only one verse 666 in the Bible. John 6:66 says that after they heard this, many of his disciples went back and walked with Jesus no more. These were those who did not believe that they had to eat the flesh (the Word, the bread of life) of Jesus to have eternal life.
435. Matthew 26:26-29; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:17-20.
Simon Peter asked Jesus, “Our Lord, where are you going?”
Jesus answered, “Where I go, you cannot follow me now, but you will follow later.”
Then Jesus told them, “All of you will denounce me tonight; for it is written, ‘I will smite the shepherd, and his sheep will scatter.’436 After I have risen, I will be in Galilee before you get there.”
Peter answered, “Even if every man desert you, I will never deny you.”
Then Jesus said, “Simon, Satan wants to sift all of you like wheat; but I have made supplication for you that your faith may not weaken; and even you in time will repent and strengthen your brothers.”
Peter said, “My Lord, I am ready to go with you, even to prison or to death.”
Jesus said, “Will you lay down your life for me? Truly I say to you that this very night before the cock crows twice, you will deny me three times.”
But Peter insisted, “Even if I must die with you, I will never deny you, oh my Lord.” And all the other disciples also said the same.
Then Jesus asked them, “When I sent you out without purses and without water jars and shoes, did you need anything?”
They answered, “No, not a thing.”
Then Jesus said, “From now on, whoever has a purse, take it along, and likewise, a water jar. Likewise, whoever has no sword, sell your new garments and buy yourself a sword. I am telling you that even this that was written about me will be fulfilled, that he will be counted among the outlaws.”437
Then they told Him, “Lord we already have two swords.” Jesus said, “That is enough.”438
436. Zechariah 13:7. Note here in Zechariah that God said that He
would smite the Shepherd, not the priests nor scribes nor Pharisees nor Roman
soldiers. It was God who had to sacrifice His Son to pay for our sins.
437. Isaiah 53:12.
438. Matthew 26:31-35; Mark 14:27-31; Luke 22:31-38; John 14:36-38.
Paperback by Robert Laing:
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This book in paperback: History of Jesus Christ the Human God